Cat urinary tract infection will lead to incomplete emptying of the bladder. It may lead to blockage of urethra as well. The urethra is the tube which connects the bladder to the body. This might lead to Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD). Feline Urologic Syndrome is the culmination of a number of clinical symptoms. FLUTD will lead to frequent urination. There will be licking of the urinary opening as well. Sometimes, blood can be found in the urine. In order to begin treatment for FLUTD, the exact cause should be ascertained. The possible causes include cancer, bladder stones and infection. If no cause is determined, the condition is related to bladder inflammation.
If stones, debris or crystals are accumulated in the bladder or urethra over a long period of time, it will lead to cat urinary tract infection. Other causes include an accumulation of debris from urine (urethral plug), bladder infection or inflammation, weak bladder, incontinence aroused due to excess intake of water, stress, spinal cord issues and congenital abnormality. The condition will also arise through injury or presence of tumor in the urinary tract.
The health conditions that will lead to cat urinary tract infection include hyperthyroidism and diabetes mellitus. The urethra is very narrow in male cats. Hence, the risk for occurrence of this condition is more prevalent in male cats. FLUTD is prevalent more in animals whose age is above 4 years. It is very rare to figure out such cases in animals whose age is less than 1 year.
Signs of cat urinary tract infection
If your cat is suffering from cat urinary tract infection, it will have difficulty during urination. Sometimes, only a small amount of urine is passed. Cloudy urine or bloody urine, squatting in the litter box for a long period of time, loss of control of bladder, crying while passing urine, increased frequency of urination, licking of the urinary opening, lethargy and vomiting. The water consumption will be more and there will be hard and distended abdomen. If you find one or more of the symptoms that are listed here, you should take the cat to the veterinarian. It should be treated as emergency when the cat cries or stains to pass urine.
Diagnosis and treatment
In order to confirm cat urinary tract infection, the doctor will go through the physical examination of the cat. Urine analysis, urine culture, blood test and non-destructive tests such as radiograph and ultrasound will be done.
Based on the nature and severity of the condition, the doctor will initiate treatment. By using antibiotics, it can be treated as a primary option. The veterinarian will suggest dietary changes. Higher intake of water consumption will be suggested. Expelling stones present in the urethra, urinary Acidifiers, fluid therapy and surgery are various options which will be done on the degree of the condition.
If a cat urinary tract infection is not treated in an appropriate manner, it will lead to complete blockage of the urethra. This will result in rupture of the bladder or kidney failure as well. Hence, necessary care should be taken immediately.